The global nitric acid market size is projected to reach USD 31.1 billion by 2027, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc., registering a CAGR of 3.3% over the forecast period. Rising demand for nylon products from the automotive, construction, and textile industries is projected to be the key factor boosting market growth.
Adipic acid formulation is one of the key applications of nitric acid; it is widely used to formulate nylon resins and fibers in the automotive industry. The developing automotive sector demands constant innovation such as high-end component designing and lightweight materials to effectively enhance performance and fuel efficiency. These factors create a positive impact on nitric acid production globally. Government regulations to curb carbon emission have paved the way for the use of nylon to produce plastics and fabrics as a replacement to heavy alternatives, thereby reducing fuel consumption and simultaneously decreasing emission levels.
Furthermore, one of the most important applications of nitric acid is fertilizer composition. Calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are the two key fertilizers derived from nitric acid which are extensively utilized in the agricultural sector. Moreover, urea ammonium nitrate is derived from the chemical and finds application in formulating explosives and fertilizers. Major countries of the Asia Pacific region are agrarian economies, which subsequently leads to a high product demand for fertilizer manufacturing across countries such as India, Indonesia, and Thailand.
However, stringent regulations against excessive use of ammonium nitrate fertilizers owing to environmental degradation are likely to create a negative impact on the nitric acid market in developed economies of North America and Western Europe. In the past decade, excessive use of these agrochemicals has resulted in the depletion of nitrogen levels in groundwater reserves and has also resulted in lower nutrient content of the soil. Therefore, the implementation of strict laws against the usage of synthetic chemical products for farming is likely to decrease the demand for nitric acid in the agricultural sector.
Nitric acid is widely used in the manufacturing of organic chemicals such as the production of nitrate salts, coal tars, catalyst, dyes, and reprocessing of used nuclear fuels. It is also used in the purification of precious metals such as gold, platinum, and silver.
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