What Factors are Influencing the Cold Start of Engine?
Factors such as cold temperature, dead battery conditions (low voltage), and long shut down of an automotive have significant influence on use of cold start systems. Cold starts are more difficult than starting a vehicle that has been run frequently. Rising demand in automotive significantly resulted in the increase in demand of cold start systems. People residing in cold regions such as Yakutsk, Russia where the temperature falls down to -40 Degree Fahrenheit found it most difficult to start their automotive engines. Use of 24V motor and battery system may result in improved cracking performance. Use of starting aid such as Heaters and Fluid Starters (di-ethyl ether) are beneficial for cold starting under Russia, Antarctica and Siberian conditions.
What is the Market Potential of Cold Start System?
With the recent technological advancement in cold start system, it is expected to gain large customers. Global automotive fuel injector market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 6% between 2021 and 2027. Required efforts are being made within the industry to meet the fleet average SULEV30 requirement for upcoming United States Tier 3/LEV III emissions regulation set for full implementation in 2025. Automobile manufacturers in countries like Europe and China showed a great shift towards cold start systems to eliminate particulate matter (hazardous gases) efficiently to result in cleaner emissions due to more regulations on effect for gasoline vehicles. Automakers like Honda have found cold start systems as a solution to eliminate the particulate matter and started featuring them on their key platforms in United States models since 2016.
What are the Recent Advancements in Cold Start System Market?
Cold start systems are in market for gasoline, diesel and electronic engines. However the rise in demand of these systems are directly proportional to the demand of vehicles operated in market. In India, due to the implementation of BS-VI norms, the demand for diesel vehicles showed a decline of almost 25% which in turn resulted into the decline of production of diesel vehicles, significantly affecting the demand of cold start devices for diesel engines.
Increase in demand of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles compared to that of heavy commercial vehicles increased the usage of 12 Volts batteries which gives an opportunity to the manufacturers to produce more of the low costing devices such as glow plugs for 12V battery. Heating time plays a major role as the cold start device which can heat the engine much faster are always in demand by the automotive manufacturers.
The invention of sensors such as microprocessor and temperature sensor enhanced the utility of entire system by delivering starting fluid more precisely than any other injection system when clubbed with cold start devices. There exist a full automatic system ensuring the proper amount of starting fluid will be injected into the engine at the proper time. The system also maintain flow by reserving enough fluid, after starting, to prevent the engine from dying. There is a huge scope for more such innovations from the automotive component manufacturers.
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What is the Regional Standpoint in Cold Start System Market?
Cold start system market is well-established in all over the world and this is due to its large application base in various industries. Cold starting leads to a higher demand for higher crankshaft rotation and lower speed for starting. China, United States, Japan, India and Germany are the leading manufacturers of these cold start system in the world. However, cold start system have a large number of customers from East Asia, Southern Europe and North America, as the demand for commute and is always being on the rise in these regions. The People’s Republic of China has the largest fleet of motor vehicles in the world, with approx. 372 million motor vehicles in January 2021 including 281 million cars.
An innovation in cold start system made vehicles more efficient, this demand is further expected to increase. However, due to the implementation of high tariffs on import of automobile components, local players are encouraged to manufacture components efficiently.
Who are the Key Players in Cold Start System Market?
- Borg Warner Inc.
- Corning Inc.
- Perkins Engines Company Limited
- Thermex Systems
- Bosch and DENSO Corporation
These are some of the leading manufacturers of Cold start systems around the globe. Companies such as Able Tool Room based out of India offers Quick Start diesel engine, cold starting aid, electrical plug & socket with quality conformity. They have developed amicable relationship with the reputed buyers in India like
- Greaves Cotton Ltd.
- Tata Motors
- JCB Indian Ltd.
- Kirloskar Oil Engines
Some of the key factors that enabled the company to garner large customer base are:
- High-quality standards
- Most competitive prices
- Stringent quality measures
- Prompt delivery of consignments
- Wide distribution network
- Complete customer satisfaction.
How COVID-19 has Impacted Cold Start System Demand?
The COVID-19 pandemic has showed a severe impact on the globally integrated automobile industry. While disruption was observed in the form of unavailability of automobile components from China, the blockage across trade routes further widened the impact. Consequently, a halt in several automotive operations emerged, including the demand of cold start systems. During the initial two phases the automobile sector’s sales went down to negative and later that it showed a growth which in result created a market for cold start system as the citizens showed an inclination towards sustainability. Also during the complete lockdown, vehicles were on a sleep mode and now they are in need to log on again which requires a kick start resulting in demand of cold start system.
Cold Start System Market Segmentation
Gasoline and diesel fuel engines are difficult to start in cold weather due to the low volatility of the fuel.
Based on the engine type, cold start system can be segmented into:
Based on the heating time, cold start system can be segmented into:
- Rapid heating (up to 1,100 °C in 2 seconds)
- Short heating (approx. 3 minutes)
- Short pre-heating time (only 15 to 20 seconds) & long post-flame time (up to 6 minutes)
- Long heating (approx. 30 minutes)
Based on the engine sizes, cold start system can be segmented into:
- Below 12 Liters
- 12.14 – 19.67 Liters (741 – 1200 CID)
- Over 18.03 Liters (1100 CID)
Based on the battery voltage, cold start system can be segmented into:
- 12 Volts battery
- 24 Volts battery
Based on the sensors, cold start system can be segmented into:
- Temperature sensor
- Engine speed sensor
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